Venus Calendar

Venus 8 year cycle Rockart

Venus 8 year cycle calendar

Copyright © 2016 by Yehuda Rotblum

The Venus cycle, of 8 years, played an important role in verifying the match between the Sun and Moon cycles, which elevated Venus to ranks equal the Moon and Sun in Mesopotamia.    The myth The Exaltation of Inanna clearly states Venus role.

‘Oh divine mistress, may you be the one that shines over them, that they call you ‘divine source of all life’, at their sides (the Sun and the Moon), in your dominant position, may you gloriously accomplish your (celestial) crossing, even during the time that Sin and Utu are awake…’.

Venus Cycle

The Babylonians discovered, in 1500 BC, that Venus has two cycles that can be used to measure time. The first Venus cycle, charted from its travel in the sky, creates an octagon and the second cycle creates a pentagon.

venus cycle

Fig.1.  Cycles of Venus: Venus cycles for 8 years. The pentagonal cycle (left) and octagonal cycle (right).

The octagonal cycle occurs every eight years when Venus completes her long journey around the sun and returns to the same point in the sky where the cycle began. In the Pentagram cycle the Earth, Venus, and the Sun are in line five times during the eight-year cycle. The distance between pentacle vertices is 584 days. Both cycles have become Venus symbols in rock art and other arts, in the shape of a star either pentagonal or octagonal, around the world.

Venus Calendar in Negev Desert Rockart

This rock art creates an ingenious Venus 8-year calendar counter, Fig.2.  The wheel has 12 cavities used as a month counter. The 8 branches plant counts the years. The counter is used as follows: A stone added to one cavity for every lunar month that passed. When the wheel filled with twelve stones, it marks the completion of one lunar year.

Fig.2 Venus cycle counter, rock art from the Negev Desert Israel

The wheel is then cleared and a stone is added to one of the 8 plant branches. A new count of twelve months begins again until all the plant branches are filled; this marks the Venus 8-year cycle completion. In this scene on the right, Venus riding re-enters the heavenly gate to begin a new cycle.


More deciphering, in a new book Rock Art in Israel, available online.

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