Cosmic Egg Creation
Cosmic Egg Creation in Rock Art, Negev Desert.
Ancient Myths, Astronomy, and archaeology all attempted to explain the wonder of creation. Now, we can observe the recorded act of Creation in rock art engravings left for us from biblical time. No one witnessed creation but multiple versions exist in the ancient literature as if they were witnessed by many wise men. Although these creation accounts, originated in different cultures, share similar elements that over time they even diffused into each other. In the region of Egypt, in Hermopolis a provincial capital in Old Kingdom 2500BC, and in Canaan (see Canaanite Creation), a myth circulated that creation spontaneously occurred from a Cosmic Egg, an ancient logic since the egg contains all the ingredients needed to create new life.
Creation Myth Symbols
Research shows that in many cosmogenic myths, creation emerges from chaos transformed into order by the godly powers that intervene to form life. Creation results in the fusion of life’s main elements: wind, earth, and water, all vital ingredients needed to sustain life. The Bible describes the conditions prior to creation, Genesis 1-2:…” darkness was over the deep, and the God Wind was hovering over the face of waters“. Darkness means the lower world and wind belongs to the upper world. A similar idea appears in Sumer’s epic story, Enuma Elish: “…When in the height heaven was not named, And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name, And the primeval Apsu, who begat them, And chaos, Tiamat, the mother of them both,- Their waters were mingled together...”. A Canaanite creation echo the same idea: “First was the upper air and lower air, these two were the first and from them, God World (Olamos) was created, he was the limit of reason”.
Creation Rock Art deciphering
We have many descriptions of creations in text but early visual scenes are rare. The creation scene in Fig.1 contains all the elements mentioned playing a central role in this epic myth. It includes the Godly Wind, Earth, and Water. The symbols descriptions in this rock art, from left to right: The time wheel derived from the star’s rotation around the North Star creates the godly wind or the creator energy. The Ibex, in the center, (see Ibex and Rock Art) represents the fertility god, or earth, that holds the primeval water in his hollow belly shaped like a water container. To the ibex right, a man and a woman floating in the air. The woman seems torn from the man’s body, see the extrusion in the man’s ribs pointed by the woman’s hand, giving birth to an egg.
The brilliantly staged creation act, Fig.1, combines all the creative elements in a harmonized dance radiating by this festive moment. The symbols stand separately but the viewer sees this scene as one inseparable unit. The action begins on the left side showing the rotating wheel of time that generates the godly wind and the chaos energy. It continues to the right, where the air fuses with a sprouting stream of water, see the engraved dots above the ibex, from the ibex belly. The water splashing reaching the ibex horns fuses with the wind. This act creates a man and a woman birthing the cosmic egg from which the creation began. The scene dynamic radiates a sparkling performance as if all the figures know that they participate in a festive important event.
The closed swastika symbol used for many thousands of years in Asia. In Sanskrit language, it translates to “Well Being” used by the Phoenician as a symbol of the Sun. It may have the same meaning in this rock art but overall it is a symbol of a primary force acting in nature. This creation myth combines two different regional myths containing all the forces participating in the creation process. The left side reminds the Biblical man/woman creation story and the right side represents the idea of Canaanite Cosmic Egg Creation. The scene’s harmonious layout and the precise engraving resonate the spectator’s mind with awe about the beauty of creation.
More deciphering, in a new book Rock Art in Israel, available online.
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