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Cosmic Egg Creation

Cosmis Egg Creation Rockart

Cosmic Egg Creation

Copyright © 2016 by Yehuda Rotblum

The many Fertile Crescent creation myths diffused into each other incorporating the region prevalent ideas. These mythological motifs include symbols of a primeval chaos,  wind, water,  the cosmic egg,   creation of human beings from mud, etc. In the region of Egypt,  in Hermopolis a provincial capital in Old Kingdom 2500BC, and Canaan (see Caananite Creation) a myth circulated that Creation spontaneously occurred from a Cosmic Egg.  Accordingly, creation began in a fertile swamp, which in turn created the cosmic egg and from it emerged the Sun God (Ra), who created everything. 

Rockart symbols

The creation myth presented in Fig.1, a rockart from Negev Desert,  three elements play a central role in this scene: The Godly Wind, Earth, and Water. The symbols descriptions in this rockart, from left to right: Time wheel derived from the apparent rotation of stars around North Star creates the godly wind, which is the creator energy.  The Ibex, in the center, (see Ibex and Rockart) represents the earth/fertility god that contains the primeval water in his belly, see his hollow belly that looks like a container of water. To the ibex right, a man and a woman. The woman seems torn from the man’s body, see the extrusion in the man ribs pointed by the woman hand,  and a circle coming out from her body.

Fig1. Cosmic Egg Creation, Negev Desert Israel

Rockart interpretation

My interpretation of this rockart is as follows: The wheel of time generates the godly wind, which fuses with a stream of water sprouting from the ibex.  You can see the splashes of water coming out of the ibex belly reaching his horns and the man hand.  This fusion of upper and lower water creates a man. The man creates the woman that gives birth to the cosmic egg from, which the universe is created. Creation results in the fusion of wind, earth, and water, which is a symbolic sky and earth mating. In the Bible is written Gensis 1-2 : …” darkness was over the deep, and the God Wind was hovering over the face of waters“. A similar creation idea is expressed in Sumer in the epic story Enuma Elish:  “…When in the height heaven was not named, And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name, And the primeval Apsu, who begat them, And chaos, Tiamat, the mother of them both,- Their waters were mingled together…”

The creation myth presented here is very interesting since it combines two different myths into one. It’s a transitional stage of the Biblical story with borrowing an idea from Egypt. The left side reminds the Biblical man/woman creation story and the right side is an Egyptian version of the cosmic egg creation.


More deciphering, in a new book Rock Art in Israel, available online.

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