Cosmic Egg Creation
Cosmic Egg Creation
Copyright © 2016 by Yehuda Rotblum
The many creation myths in the Fertile Crescent diffused into each other incorporating the region prevalent ideas. These mythological motifs include symbols of a primeval chaos, wind, water, the cosmic egg, creation of human beings from mud, etc.
In the region of Egypt, in Hermopolis a provincial capital in Old Kingdom 2500BC, and Canaan (see Caananite Creation) a myth circulated that Creation spontaneously occurred from a Cosmic Egg. The creation began in a fertile swamp which in turn created the cosmic egg and from it emerged the Sun God (Ra), who created everything.
In our creation story presented in Fig.1, a rockart from Negev Desert, three elements play a central role: The Godly Wind, Earth, and Water. The symbols descriptions in this rockart, from left to right: Time wheel derived from the apparent rotation of stars around North Star creates the godly wind, which is the creator energy. The Ibex, in the center, (see Ibex and Rockart) represents the earth/fertility god holds the primordial water in his belly, see his hollow belly that looks like a container of water. To the ibex right, a man and a woman standing and a circle coming out from her body.
My interpretation of this rockart is as follows: The wheel of time generates the godly wind, which fuses with a stream of water sprouting from the ibex. You can see the splashes of water coming out of the ibex belly reaching his horns and the man hand. The man creates the woman that gives birth to the cosmic egg from, which the universe is created. Creation results in the fusion of wind, earth, and primordial water. It is the symbolic representation of the mating of Upper Water and Lower Water or the sky with earth.
In the Bible is written Gensis 1-2 : …” darkness was over the deep, and the God Wind was hovering over the face of waters“. A similar creation idea is expressed in Sumer in the epic story Enuma Elish: “…When in the height heaven was not named, And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name, And the primeval Apsu, who begat them, And chaos, Tiamat, the mother of them both,- Their waters were mingled together…”
The creation scene presented here is very interesting since it combines two different myths into one. It’s a transitional stage of the Biblical creation story borrowing the idea from Egypt. The left side reminds the Biblical man/woman creation story and the right side is an Egyptian version of the cosmic egg creation.
More deciphering, in a new book Rock Art in Israel, available online.