Canaanite Creation Myth

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Canaanite Creation from Cosmic Egg

Archaeological research shows that almost every culture has its own creation myth, and a version called the Cosmic Egg appeared in Egypt and Canaan. The unusual rock art presented here depicts the steps of creation according to the Canaanite Creation myth. When combined with a known creation text, we get a textual and visual verification match of this ancient myth. 

The array of symbols engraved in this rock art corresponds to the stages of creation as described by Syrian philosopher Dameskios, based on the writings of Mochus (13th century BC), the Phoenician proto-philosopher (N. Darshan). The following quote portrays the Canaanite creation stages: 

“First was the upper air and lower air, these two were the first and from them, God World (Olamos) was created, he was the limit of reason. Saying which, from the merger itself, created Kushar, the God of Wisdom, and then created the egg. Kushar has the opening power given to understanding, he creates the initial separation in nature which is completely inseparable. After the formation of top and bottom air incurred at one end and two spirits created mid, the wind of west and south, and there are who consider these winds previous to God of the World. Kushar is the first step that can be understood and the egg is considered heaven because they say that when it was divided into two halves it created heaven and earth. “

Rock Art Clues 

Deciphering rock art isn’t straightforward, and at first glance, the scene in this rock art is confusing since the engraved symbols appear unrelated to each other, which makes their connections and the storyline obscure. However, there are guiding clues in this rock art that reveal the meaning of the scene. For example, the circle has a special meaning in many rock art, it symbolizes either sun or an egg (like in the creation story presented in the Cosmic Egg Creation article). The relative sizes of the circles, big and small,  and their relative heights suggest that they represent different things. 

An additional clue in this image is found in the symbol that resembles the Egyptian milk tree, Fig.2. It illustrates how the Egyptians envisioned God-feeding hands similar to the image of the god Olamus. The connection between the three decoded symbols confirms that it exactly corresponds to the steps in the Canaanite Creation version, as shown in Fig.1.

Deciphering the rock art 

Fig.1 presents a rock art image depicting a Canaanite Creation myth with five symbols progression that fits accurately the textual version, as follows:

  1. First was the upper air and lower air
  2. from them, the God World (Olamos) created
  3. the merger itself, created Kushar, the God of Wisdom
  4. and the egg is considered a heaven
  5. it divided into two halves it created the heaven and earth
rock art research news. Canaanite cosmic egg creation myth negev desert rock art
Fig. 1 Canaanite Cosmic Egg myth, Negev Desert     Fig. 2 Egyptian Milk Tree

The leftmost symbol represents the upper air and lower air, a wavy line separates the top from the bottom giving it the shape of a human body. Next shown the god Olamos engraved with hands only, a symbolic work gesture inspired by the Egyptian Milk Tree. He creates Kushar, the craftsman god of wisdom that creates the egg seen as the small circle beneath him. In turn, creating the heavens and earth from the egg. The big circle (the sun) and the “camel’s” hump (the sky) represent heaven, the camel’s body represents earth, and the dog underneath represents the underworld.

More deciphering, in a new book Rock Art in Israel, available online.

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5 Comments to Canaanite Creation Myth

  1. מרתק! !!!
    האם הספר בעברית גם אינטרנטי? או רק באנגלית? מבקשת לרכוש וגם לראות ולהתבונן בחומרים נוספים של אומנות הסלע בתודה

    • Yes, a bit unknown! Here is a citation from “Ancient Jewish History”
      “.. became the Vulcan of the Greeks and Romans, the god of the smiths. In Canaan his name was Kauthar,-Koshar,-Kushar, the wise craftsman, the inventor of tools and weapons, as well of the arts. He was the discoverer and the patron of music.”

    • Yes, a bit unknown! Here is a citation from “Ancient Jewish History”
      “.. became the Vulcan of the Greeks and Romans, the god of the smiths. In Canaan, his name was Kauthar,-Koshar,-Kushar, the wise craftsman, the inventor of tools and weapons, as well of the arts. He was the discoverer and the patron of music.”

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