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Canaanite Creation Myth

Canaanite cosmic egg creation

Canaanite Creation from Cosmic Egg

The creation epic, of world and humans, repeats in different versions in many cultures. It is formulated as an imaginary story befitting such a grandiose event as the creation quote below demonstrates. Many creation stories exist in the world and one of them the Cosmic Egg represents creation from an egg that appears in Egypt and Canaan.

Canaanite Creation

Canaan, the closest culture to the people of Israel, had such a myth found engraved in Negev rock art. The array of symbols in this rock art fits the creation stages as told by Dameskios, a Syrian-born philosopher from the fifth century AD, based on a writing of Mochus the Phoenician proto-philosopher (Noga&Guy Darshan – Canaanite Mythology).

“First was the upper air and lower air, these two were the first and from them God World (Olamos) was created, he was the limit of reason. Saying which, from the merger itself, created Kushar , the God of Wisdom, and then created the egg. Kushar has the opening power given to understanding, he creates the initial separation in nature which is completely inseparable. After the formation of top and bottom air incurred at one end and two spirits created mid, the wind of west and south, and there are who consider these winds previous to God of the World. Kushar is the first step that can be understood and the egg is considered a heaven, because they say that when it was divided into two halves it created the heaven and earth. “

Rock Art clues 

This rock art deciphering is not straightforward and at first sight, the scene baffles the viewer. The engraved symbols seem unrelated and therefore the storyline  seems obscure. However, there are clues that help to decipher this scene. For example the circles, these have a special and repeated meaning in many rock art, either sun or an egg (like the creation story presented in the Cosmic Egg Creation article). The relative sizes of the circles, big and small, suggested that they represent different things. The big one is up and the small one is down.

The additional hint in this image came from the symbol that resembles a picture of Egyptian milk tree Fig.2. It shows how the Egyptians envisioned the feedings hands of God. This look similar to the symbol called Olamus the God in this creation story. With three decoded symbols the connection between them clears, which also fits exactly  the creation steps in the Canaanite Creation version, as seen in Fig.1:

Deciphering the rock art 

This rock art shown in Fig.1 matches  the story sequence and  the creation steps that contains five motifs, which fits exactly the rock art symbols progressing from left to right as follows:

  1. First was the upper air and lower air
  2. from them God World (Olamos) was created
  3. the merger itself, created Kushar , the God of Wisdom
  4. and the egg is considered a heaven
  5. it was divided into two halves it created the heaven and earth
cannan creation rock art

Fig. 1 Canaanite Cosmic Egg myth, Negev Desert                                                                                                 Fig. 2 Egyptian Milk Tree

The leftmost symbol represents the upper air and lower air, a wavy line separates the top from the bottom. Next shown the working god with hands only, a gesture of work inspired by the Egyptian Milk Tree. He creates Kushar, the god of wisdom, who creates the egg the small circle beneath him. In turn, the heavens and earth are created. The big circle (the sun) and the camel’s hump (the sky) represent heaven and the camel body represents earth with the dog underneath an underworld symbol.

More deciphering, in a new book Rock Art in Israel, available online.

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One Comment to Canaanite Creation Myth

  1. Haim Berger says:

    Looks Amazing Yehuda I will be happy to meet and discuss these ideas with you

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